Facts about Russia

There is no other country like Russia

it spans 11 time zones, covers 1/7 of the land and boasts dozens of natural and man-made wonders

Everything here is special - from climate and geography to culture and local lifestyles. Winter changes summer, and plains replace mountains. Hot subtropical climate of Sochi turns into moderately continental in Moscow and to severe Arctic in Siberia. Traveling across Russia is like visiting many countries at a time. Here you will learn a handful of exciting facts about Russia. However, to really explore this unique country we would recommend you to book one of our signature tours to Russia, for there is no better way to discover a new country than seeing it with your own eyes.

Geographic facts about Russia

The largest country in the world, Russia constitutes one-seventh of the world’s landmass and spans eight time zones. This expansive area allows it to neighbor more countries than anywhere else on earth, as well as touch twenty-two bodies of water and hold twelve seas within its borders. Its vast and complicated array of landscapes has created a diverse blend of forty national parks alongside its forty UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Here you can find the oldest mountains in the world, the Urals, and the deepest lake in the world, Lake Baikal. Travel from the tundra to the steppes, the desert to the glaciers, the valleys to the volcanoes without ever needing a new visa.


How did Russia get so big? Learn here

Climatic facts about Russia

Because of its size, Russia presents a drastically different atmosphere depending on your location. Most of the country has a continental climate with distinct periods of warm and cold weather that increases as you travel east. Temperatures for Moscow and St. Petersburg range from highs of 32 C in the summer to lows of -25 C in the winter.

Demographic facts about Russia

Russia has a population of 145.5 million people, 80% of whom reside in Western Russia and two-thirds of whom live in cities. Moscow alone claims eleven million citizens, standing as the largest city in Europe. St. Petersburg boasts less than half that, with a mere five million residents. 1 in 4 Russians is retired, with the average age being 30 years old and growing every year. The normal Russian family consists of three people.


Russian capital is the largest city in Europe with the population of more than 11.5 million citizens.

Economic facts about Russia

Given its vast supply of natural resources, Russia depends heavily on mining. It is the world’s leading producer of energy and military technologies. Some of the fastest growing sectors in the Russian economy include telecommunications, finance, construction, and energy production. The economy is still transitioning from a command to a market structure, and although most enterprises have been privatized, domestic prices on energy are not established by market forces.

Travel to Russia

Top-10 most beautiful cities in Russia
  1. St. Petersburg
  2. Moscow
  3. Kazan
  4. Yekaterinburg
  5. Nizhny Novgorod
  6. Kaliningrad
  7. Novosibirsk
  8. Sochi
  9. Rostov-on-Don
  10. Krasnoyarsk

Living standards

Russian living standards plunged after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In 2007 standards climbed to the level of 90 and continue to improve as Russia closes the gap with developed countries. Many attribute this spectacular recovery to petrodollars.

Language facts about Russia

The official language in Russia is (shockingly) Russian. This language uses the Cyrillic alphabet instead of Latin and is one of the five most spoken languages in the world.

Cultural facts about Russia

Most Russian cities have social lives comparable to New York City’s vibrant scene. In regard to the arts, Russia has always occupied a prominent spot on the world scene. The Bolshoi Theater and Pushkin Art Gallery in Moscow, the Mariinsky Theater and the Hermitage in St. Petersburg – these are considered to be some of the best art institutions in the world. In St. Petersburg alone there are 2,000 libraries, 221 museums, 80 theaters, 100 concert halls, 45 art galleries, 62 movie theaters, and 80 nightclubs, and over 100 concerts, shows and festivals each year. If that isn’t enough to occupy your time, Russians place great importance on friends and family, resulting in anniversary and birthday celebrations that will blow you away.


The legendary Swan Lake - the gem of Russian ballet.

Ethnic diversity

Russia is home to more than 100 ethnic groups and indigenous people. Slavs account for about 75% of the total population. The densest areas of Russia are near the Ural Mountains and in southwestern Siberia.

Religious facts about Russia

Russian Orthodox is the official religion in Russia. 20% of Russians practice Islam while Catholicism, Protestantism, and Judaism are not wide spread but have small roles in Russian culture. Many of Russia's most famous sites are former or present churches, signifying the important role that religion has played in the past. The Russian Orthodox Church, diminished during the Soviet period, has in recent years begun to recover in popularity and strength.

The Temple of All Religions or the Universe Temple in Kazan is the symbol
of peaceful and harmonious coexistence of different religions.

International travel

Moscow and St. Petersburg are three hours ahead of London time and eight hours ahead of New York City. Vladivostok is seven hours ahead of Moscow. It takes about nine hours to fly from New York City to Moscow, three-and-a-half hours from London to Moscow, and ten-and-a-half hours from Tokyo.

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